Peter Rowlands, PhD
University of Liverpool
Department of Physics
Liverpool, England

Ultimately, it would seem, duality is not merely a 'component' of physics but an expression of the fundamental nature of physics itself (Zero to Infinity, p.443).

Zero to Infinity: The Foundations of Physics is not just a book about Physics. In Chapter 19 Peter Rowlands and Vanessa Hill show the relationship between the Platonic Solids and the DNA code. Hill and Rowlands expanded on their work in a 2008 paper that extends the complementary properties of the nilpotent Heisenberg Lie Group.

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The key idea is that "the Dirac nilpotent fermion plus vacuum structure, with its four fundamental components (space, time, mass and charge), the 64 elements of its algebra, the double helical structure, chirality, and 5-fold broken symmetry (E, p, m), corresponds closely to the structure of the DNA/RNA genetic code, with its four bases A(denine), G(uanine), C(ytosine) and T(hymine)), 64 triplet codons, double helical structure, chirality, and 5-fold axial symmetry. (pg 552)."  Truly mind-boggling and incredible perceptions!

"The four bases of DNA; A, T, G and C can be placed upon the four vertices of a tetrahedron such that the tetrahedron can now be considered to contain, upon an information level, all the possible 64 (4³) triplets defined by single stranded (sense) DNA or mRNA (U replacing T). Double stranded DNA can now be represented by interlocking a second tetrahedron to produce a star tetrahedron such that both the sense and anti-sense strands are combined with the correct base pairing of A to T and G to C that occur within the double helix."

Duality Science Academy

A series of lectures delivered by Dr Peter Rowlands

The principles which underpin physical law are at the heart of science. New ideas and new concepts are examined and evaluated in terms of how they lead to new insight into present paradigms. The lectures discuss methodology, important mathematical structures and various aspects of symmetry, how they lead to consistency, or otherwise, with present understanding, and how also they can facilitate quantitative analysis.

Dr Peter Rowlands
Zero to Infinity

Zero to Infinity: The Foundations of Physics was published in 2007. The Foundations of Physical Law in 2014. These books represent first-ever attempts by any scientist to establish foundational laws in physics. Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, if we include astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Physics is also called a "fundamental science" because all branches of the natural sciences including chemistry, geology and biology are ultimately dependent on laws of physics. What, then, are foundational laws in physics? Surprisingly, there are none! Until recently, that is.

Rowlands' proposes that two foundational Principles called 'duality' and 'zero-totality.' The zero-totality condition leads to a mathematical structure and a fundamental equation that drives the whole of physics. He argues that, "Ultimately, it would seem, duality is not merely a 'component' of physics but an expression of the fundamental nature of physics itself (p.443)."